society and environment feb 2

society and environment feb 2 - Society and Environment...

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Society and Environment 1/7/11 10:58 AM February 2, 2011 - Dependency theory (Fernando Cardoso) Product comes from periphery then goes to core to be developed then back to periphery sold for more o Periphery ! core ! periphery - World Systems theory (Immanuel Wallerstein) Views process of development as inherently unequal o Divides world into core and periphery regions Differences in political and economic power means wealth tends to flow to core regions from peripheral ones Over time, development makes differences and gap even worse o Economy, military, culture Periphery ! semi-periphery ! core ! semi-periphery ! periphery - Modernization theory Tell periphery societies to “copy us” o Decrease traditional society, increase modern society - Structural Adjustment Trap Structural adjustment policy of IMF and World Bank has made poverty of poor countries worse o Refers to comprehensive program of radical free market changes " Reducing public services, liberalizing trade, emphasizing
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society and environment feb 2 - Society and Environment...

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