Life Cycle Review questions 02 10 2009

Life Cycle Review questions 02 10 2009 - Chapter 1...

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Chapter 1 Questions 1. Development results from biologically programmed changes called__________ and from specific environmental experiences called ______________. a. maturation; learning 2. One of the assumptions of the life-span perspective is that development is multidirectional. This means that a. development at all ages consists of some gains and some losses, as well as some abilities that remain the same. 3. Another assumption of the life-span perspective is that there is plasticity in development This means that a. developmental changes can occur in response to our experiences across the life span. 4. A positive correlation between viewing televised violence and aggressive behavior would indicate that: a. children who watch less television tend to be less aggressive. 5. The major disadvantage of correlational studies is that: a. they do not allow researchers to make cause and effect conclusion 6. If you wanted to assess individual changes over time in prosocial behavior, you would need to use a. a longitudinal design 7. Cross-sectional designs provide information about age _________; longitudinal designs provide information about age ________. a. differences; changes 8. Cross-sectional designs confound age effects with _________; longitudinal designs confound age effects with________. a. cohort effects; time of measurement effects 9. Ensuring that all subjects have an equal chance of participating in any of the experimental treatments is accomplished a. through random assignment to conditions. 10. Most current developmental theorists: a. integrate features from multiple theorists 11. The idea of “stages” of development fits well with the notion of developmental continuity. a. False Page | 1 
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12. We tend to become more diverse from one another as we get older. a. True b. False 13. Sequential research studies are the best way of distinguishing cohort effects from true age changes. a. True b. False 14. A cross sectional research design is the quickest and most cost-effective method of estimating what happens with age. 15. Most developmental studies are cross-sectional rather than longitudinal. 16. Longitudinal studies are the best way to examine individual development with age. 17. Results from a longitudinal study are generalizable beyond the cohort included in the study. a. True b. False
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