Life Cycle Review questions 02 10 2009

Life Cycle Review questions 02 10 2009 - Chapter 1...

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Chapter 1 Questions 1. Development results from biologically programmed changes called__________ and from specific environmental experiences called ______________. a. maturation; learning 2. One of the assumptions of the life-span perspective is that development is multidirectional. This means that a. development at all ages consists of some gains and some losses, as well as some abilities that remain the same. 3. Another assumption of the life-span perspective is that there is plasticity in development This means that a. developmental changes can occur in response to our experiences across the life span. 4. A positive correlation between viewing televised violence and aggressive behavior would indicate that: a. children who watch less television tend to be less aggressive. 5. The major disadvantage of correlational studies is that: a. they do not allow researchers to make cause and effect conclusion 6. If you wanted to assess individual changes over time in prosocial behavior, you would need to use a. a longitudinal design 7. Cross-sectional designs provide information about age _________; longitudinal designs provide information about age ________. a. differences; changes 8. Cross-sectional designs confound age effects with _________; longitudinal designs confound age effects with________. a. cohort effects; time of measurement effects 9. Ensuring that all subjects have an equal chance of participating in any of the experimental treatments is accomplished a. through random assignment to conditions. 10. Most current developmental theorists: a. integrate features from multiple theorists 11. The idea of “stages” of development fits well with the notion of developmental continuity. a. False Page | 1 
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a. True b. False 13. Sequential research studies are the best way of distinguishing cohort effects from true age changes. a. True b. False 14. A cross sectional research design is the quickest and most cost-effective method of estimating what happens with age. a. True b. False 15. Most developmental studies are cross-sectional rather than longitudinal. a. True b. False 16. Longitudinal studies are the best way to examine individual development with age. a. True b. False 17. Results from a longitudinal study are generalizable beyond the cohort included in the study. a. True b. False 18. Sequential studies involve one age group that is tested repeatedly over time. a. True b. False 19. For each of the major developmental designs, indicate the procedure used to conduct the study, the type of information that can be gained, and the major advantages and disadvantages. Cross-Sectional Longitudinal Sequential Procedure Observe people of the different age at same time Observes one cohort repeatedly over time Different age groups tested repeatedly over time Combines both Information Gained Development on particular aspect of behavior- eye witness Active project cognitive abilities change across time and
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This note was uploaded on 02/26/2011 for the course DEP 2004 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at University of South Florida - Tampa.

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Life Cycle Review questions 02 10 2009 - Chapter 1...

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