BIO 1151 Chapter 4

BIO 1151 Chapter 4 - • • Geometric Different spatial...

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Chapter 4 Carbon Forms many molecules by bonding to 4 other atoms Electron config is key to chemical characterists Electron config determines kinds + number of bonds atoms will form Carbon can form 4 covalent bonds Carbon- Most frequently bonded to O,N,H Carbon chains form the skeleton for most organic molecules Carbon chains vary in length + arrangement Hydrocarbons Consit of only carbon + hydrogen Release a large amount of energy Organic molecules, like fats, have hydrocarbon componets Isomers Same molecule but different molecular formulas Structural- Different bond arrangements
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Unformatted text preview: • • Geometric- Different spatial arrangements • • Enantiomer- Mirror images of themselves • • Two enantiomers of a drug may have different effects • Organisms are sensitive to small changes in molecules 7 Functional Groups of Organic Molecules • Hydroxyl-Alchol Carbonyl-Sugar • • • • Carboxyl- Acid Amino-Base • • • • Sulfhydryl-Proteins Phosphate-water • • • • Methyl- Genes • • • ATP- Adenosine Triphosphate • Primary energy source of cells • One organic adenosine attached to 3 phosphate groups...
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This note was uploaded on 02/26/2011 for the course BIO 1151 taught by Professor Robinson during the Spring '09 term at College of DuPage.

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BIO 1151 Chapter 4 - • • Geometric Different spatial...

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