PotentialEnergyShelvesSE.pdf - Gulik M May 3 Name Date...

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Name: ______________________________________ Date: ________________________ Student Exploration: Potential Energy on Shelves Vocabulary: gravitational potential energy, kinetic energy, potential energy, weight, work Prior Knowledge Questions (Do these BEFORE using the Gizmo .) 1. Look at divers A and B in the picture at left. Which diver had to put the most effort into climbing to the top of his board? Explain. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ 2. Which diver do you think will make the biggest splash? Explain. _________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ Gizmo Warm-up It takes energy to climb up to the top of a diving board, and of course a diver that leaps off the board and makes a big splash in the water also has a lot of energy. But how much energy does a diver have while he is standing at the top of the diving board? Even at the top of the board, the diver has energy ² a type of energy called potential energy . Potential energy is the energy an object has because of its position or shape. Using the Potential Energy on Shelves Gi]mR , \RX Zill diVcRYeU hRZ gUaYiW\ giYeV objects potential energy because of their position above the floor. 1. Which object on the SIMULATION pane most likely has the least potential energy? Why? because B is closer to the water than A The Ball because it is already on the floor _________________________________________________________________________ 2. Click on the TABLE tab. The potential energy ( PE ) of each object is given in joules (J). List the objects in order from lowest to highest potential energies. _________________________________________________________________________ Gulik M May 3 A because it is higher than Point B A because B is closer to the water than A The Ball because it is already on the floor Ball 0.00 paper 0.31 clips 0.781
Activity A: Factors affecting GPE Get the Gizmo ready: x Select the BAR CHART tab and turn on Show numerical values .

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