313088908 - Engineering in a social context By its very...

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Engineering in a social context 1 By its very nature engineering is closely related to society and human behavior. Every product or construction used by modern society are influenced by engineering design. Engineering design is a very powerful tool to make changes to environment, society and economies, and its application brings with it a great responsibility.
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Engineering in a social context 2 Many Engineering Institutions have established codes of practice and codes of ethics to guide members and inform the public at large. Engineering projects can be subject to controversy. Examples from different engineering disciplines include the development of nuclear weapons , the Three Gorges Dam , the design and use of Sports Utility Vehicles , and the extraction of oil . In response, some western engineering companies have enacted serious Corporate and Social Responsibility policies.
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Engineering in a social context 3 Engineering is a key driver of human development. Sub-Saharan Africa in particular has a very small engineering capacity which results in many African nations being unable to develop significant infrastructure without outside aid. The attainment of many of the Millennium Development Goals requires the achievement of adequate engineering capacity to develop infrastructure and sustainable technological development.
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Engineering in a social context 4 All overseas development and relief NGOs make considerable use of engineers to apply solutions in disaster and development scenarios. A number of charitable organizations aim to use engineering directly for the good of mankind: Engineers Without Borders Engineers Against Poverty Registered Engineers for Disaster Relief Engineers for a Sustainable World
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Cultural presence of Engineering 5 One difficulty in increasing public awareness of the profession is that average people, in the typical run of ordinary life, do not ever have any personal dealings with engineers, even though they benefit from their work every day. By contrast, it is common to visit a doctor at least once a year, the accountant at tax time, and, occasionally, even a lawyer.
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