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Unformatted text preview: Lecture 16 Lecture 16 Syntax Syntax inductively defined set of terms inductively defined set of formulas binding conventions scope bound variables, free variables substitution More on substitution More on substitution
Consider the following problematic substitution: ∃ x(y < x)[x/y] = ∃ x(x < x) We avoid such problems by restricting substitution to cases where t is free for x in ϕ . What about “substitution” of bound variables? 8.1 style exercise 8.1 style exercise Consider the firstorder language (with equality) over the following signature: c (constant), S (binary relation symbol), P and M (threeplace relation symbols) Consider the following (standard) Consider the following (standard) interpretation on the natural numbers: c ≡ 0 S(x,y) ≡ “y is the successor of x” P(x,y,z) ≡ “x + y = z” M(x,y,z) ≡ “x * y = z” Write down wffs that formalize the following: Write down wffs that formalize the following: x is even x is larger than y x is divisible by y x is prime x and y have a common prime factor x is a square root of y ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/27/2011 for the course PHILOSOPHY 101 taught by Professor H during the Spring '11 term at Columbia College.
 Spring '11
 H

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