PLPTRawls

PLPTRawls - RawlsBasic structure of society i.e. scheme of...

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Rawls- - ‘Basic structure of society’ i.e. scheme of rules that distribute rights and determine the division of advantages from social cooperation. This structure is held in place by settled beliefs about justice. (e.g. Church and state are independent) and has a profound effect on peoples’ life prospects. The question is which set of beliefs about justice and configuration of the structure will guarantee everyone reasonable expectations of good life. - One approach is that of classical utilitarianism- ‘Greatest Happiness Principle’ or ‘Principle of Utility’- the configuration that would promote the greatest aggregate happiness or welfare. However, Rawls rejects this as a starting point for thinking about justice because it violates the idea that each person possesses an inviolability that even the welfare of society as a whole cannot override. Utilitarianism recognizes no limits on the sacrifices that some may asked to bear in order the ‘greatest happiness of the majority’. -
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PLPTRawls - RawlsBasic structure of society i.e. scheme of...

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