Chapter 1_Introduction to Research.ppt

Chapter 1_Introduction to Research.ppt - Experimental...

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Experimental Psychology: Social processes
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Folk wisdom Was your grandma right? “Absence makes heart grow fonder” “Out of sight out of mind” “Stay alive, don’t drink and drive” “Do unto others as you would have them do unto you” Opposites attract Birds of a feather flock together? Money is power Time is money Money is power Power corrupts Cl: Does time corrupts?
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Folk wisdom Was your grandma right? C ommon sense  is the collection of  prejudices  acquired by age  18. 
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Folk wisdom Was your grandma right? Subliminal messages can persuade people to purchase products Hypnosis is useful for retrieving memories of forgotten events Men and women communicate in completely different ways “Science must begin with myths and with the criticism of myths” Sir Karl Popper, 1957
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Scientific method Establish knowledge Skepticism Conflicting results Nuances and qualifiers Contradictions with real life Truth is “stranger” than fiction An unusual number of people live in places with names similar to their first names (“implicit egotism” Pelham et al., 2002) People’s typical handshakes are revealing of their personality traits (Chaplin et al., 2000) Empirical investigation Collecting, organizing, and interpreting data within a common framework Methods: special arrangements, observational/measurement plans Objectivity Free from personal bias, emotions Replicability
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Values versus facts Values (personal statements) vs. facts (objective statements supported empirically)
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This note was uploaded on 02/26/2011 for the course PSYC 420 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at Maryland.

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Chapter 1_Introduction to Research.ppt - Experimental...

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