Chapter 3_Ethics in Research.ppt

Chapter 3_Ethics in Research.ppt - Ethics in Research What...

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Ethics in Research
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What is ethical? Quality and importance of the research vs. the rights and welfare of participants Facts vs. Values It is not ethical to use individuals solely as means to an end Principles used to define ethical research Conduct of the research The welfare of participants (honesty, trust and respect) Honesty in conducting and reporting scientific research Appropriate credit for ideas and effort How resulting knowledge should be used
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History Nazi Medical War Crimes (1939-1945) The Nuremberg Code (Aug 1947) – first international code of research ethics 10 directives for human experimentation The Syphilis Study at Tuskegee (1930s – 1972) The Belmont report (1979) - Ethical Principles and Guidelines for the Protection o National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research Respect for persons Benefice Justice
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The Nuremberg Code Voluntary consent of the human subject is absolutely essential The experiment must yield generalizable knowledge that could not be obtained in any other way and is not random and unnecessary in nature Animal experimentation should precede human experimentation All unnecessary physical and mental suffering and injury should be
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Chapter 3_Ethics in Research.ppt - Ethics in Research What...

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