Behaviorism

Behaviorism - Behaviorism John Watson The method of...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–18. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Behaviorism
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
John Watson The method of behaviorism The subject matter Instincts Emotions Though process Learning
Background image of page 2
The methods of behaviorism Conditioned reflex method was adopted A response is conditioned when it becomes attached or connected to a stimulus other than the one that originally aroused Behavior is reduced to its elemental units, the S-R bonds
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
The subject matter of behaviorism The stated goal was to reduce all behavior to S-R Behavioral psychology investigates the behavior of the whole organism in relation to its environment
Background image of page 4
Three major topics in behaviorism: instincts, emotions, and thoughts
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Instincts No instinct Behaviors that seem instinctive are really socially conditioned responses Also no inherited capacities, temperaments, or talents of any kind Children could be trained to be whatever one wanted them to be
Background image of page 6
Emotions Physiological responses to specific stimuli An emotion produces internal physical changes along with the appropriate learning overt responses Denies any conscious perception of the emotion or the sensations from the internal organs Little Albert Peter and the rabbit » Mary Carver Jones
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Each emotion involves a particular pattern of physiological changes Emotion is a form of implicit behavior in which internal reactions are evident in physical manifestations (e.g., blushing, perspiration, etc.)
Background image of page 8
Thought Processes Should be inaccessible to observation But Watson argued that thought was a type of sensorimotor behavior
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Thinking was reduced to subvocal talking that relies on the same muscular habits we learn for overt speech The muscular habits disappear as we grow up due to environmental constraints
Background image of page 10
Learning How do we learn? Mucle sensations Law of recency (contiguity) The final response an organism makes in a learning situation will be the response it will tend to make when it is next in that situation
Background image of page 11

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Watson’s learning theory CS and US become associated because they occur at about the same time (contiguity) Response (correct response) is then elicited Learning results from the mechanical arrangement of stimuli and responses no “effects” (no psychology) of any type entered into his explanation
Background image of page 12
Major criticisms William McDougall Instinct theory Human behavior derives from innate tendencies to thought and action
Background image of page 13

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Purposive behavior Behavior is goal-directed and stimulated by some instinctual motive rather than by environmental events Hormic psychology
Background image of page 14
Neobehaviorism
Background image of page 15

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Watson’s thoughts were embedded within a wider movement Positivism Operationism Empirical verification
Background image of page 16
Three stages of behaviorism Neobehaviorists agreed that The core of psychology is the study of learning Most behavior, no matter how complex, can be accounted for by the laws of conditioning Psychology must adopt the principle of operationism **
Background image of page 17

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 18
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 51

Behaviorism - Behaviorism John Watson The method of...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 18. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online