Early Behaviorism-Thorndike and Pavlov

Early Behaviorism-Thorndike and Pavlov - Behaviorism:...

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Behaviorism: Antecedent influences
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Antecedents By 1890s, not psychologists agreed on the value of introspection, the existence of mental elements or the need for psychology to remain a pure science (even though Titchener was still around) Functionalism was an evolution, not a revolution Behaviorism represents a revolutionary movement
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Behaviorism stripped all mentalistic concepts and terms such as mind, consciousness, and ideas Behaviorists strived to bring objectivity into psychology and that only observable knowledge is valid Behaviorists borrowed their ideas from animal psychologists
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Jacques Loeb Tropism Associative memory
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Early Behaviorists Thorndike’s research Connectionism His approach to learning; based on connections between situations and responses Trial-and-error learning Learning based on the repetition of responses tendencies that lead to success
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Laws of learning Law of effect Acts that produce satisfaction in a given situation
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This note was uploaded on 02/26/2011 for the course PSYC 415 taught by Professor Ting during the Spring '10 term at Maryland.

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Early Behaviorism-Thorndike and Pavlov - Behaviorism:...

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