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Gestalt psychology

Gestalt psychology - Gestalt psychology Antecedent...

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Unformatted text preview: Gestalt psychology Antecedent influences • Phenomenology – Unbiased description of immediate experience just as it occurs – The experience is not analyzed or reduced to elements or otherwise artificially abstracted – It involves the almost naïve experience of common sense rather than experience reported by a trained introspector with a systematic bias or orientation • The changing Zeitgeist – Ideas in physics were becoming less atomistic with the recognition and acceptance of fields of force – Physicists were describing fields and organic wholes, providing support for Gestalt psychology Max Werthimer • Phi Phenomenon – Two successive lights but changing the time interval between the lights – The finding was intuitive. But psychologists thought all conscious experience could be analyzed or broke down into its sensory elements • So how could the perception of apparent movement be explained in terms of summation of individual elements, when the elements were simply two stationary slits of light? • Wertheimer explained that the apparent movement did NOT need explaining – It existed as it was perceived and could not be reduced to anything simpler The nature of the Gestalt revolt • Gestalt psychologists contradicted much of the academic tradition of German psychology • In the US, behaviorism was a less immediate...
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Gestalt psychology - Gestalt psychology Antecedent...

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