Gestalt psychology

Gestalt psychology - Gestalt psychology Antecedent...

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Unformatted text preview: Gestalt psychology Antecedent influences Phenomenology Unbiased description of immediate experience just as it occurs The experience is not analyzed or reduced to elements or otherwise artificially abstracted It involves the almost nave experience of common sense rather than experience reported by a trained introspector with a systematic bias or orientation The changing Zeitgeist Ideas in physics were becoming less atomistic with the recognition and acceptance of fields of force Physicists were describing fields and organic wholes, providing support for Gestalt psychology Max Werthimer Phi Phenomenon Two successive lights but changing the time interval between the lights The finding was intuitive. But psychologists thought all conscious experience could be analyzed or broke down into its sensory elements So how could the perception of apparent movement be explained in terms of summation of individual elements, when the elements were simply two stationary slits of light? Wertheimer explained that the apparent movement did NOT need explaining It existed as it was perceived and could not be reduced to anything simpler The nature of the Gestalt revolt Gestalt psychologists contradicted much of the academic tradition of German psychology In the US, behaviorism was a less immediate...
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This note was uploaded on 02/26/2011 for the course PSYC 415 taught by Professor Ting during the Spring '10 term at Maryland.

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Gestalt psychology - Gestalt psychology Antecedent...

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