Sigmund Freud-Psychoanalysis and controversies

Sigmund Freud-Psychoanalysis and controversies - Sigmund...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–7. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1 Sigmund Freud: Psychoanalysis and controversies
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
2 Psychoanalysis as a system of personality Instincts Instincts are the propelling or motivating forces of the personality, the biological forces that release mental energy Freudian instincts are not inherited predispositions, which is the usual meaning of instinct, but rather refer to sources of stimulation within the body
Background image of page 2
3 The goal of instincts is to remove or reduce that stimulation through some behavior (e.g., eating, sleeping, etc.) Instincts are grouped into two general categories: the life instincts and the death instinct Life instincts are about self-preservation and the survival and thus are the creative forces that sustain life The form of energy through which life instincts are manifested is called libido Death instinct is a destructive force that can be directed inward as in suicide, or outward as in aggression
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
4 Levels of personality Id The source of psychic energy (libido) and the aspect of personality allied with the instincts Id forces seek immediate satisfaction without regard for the circumstances of reality. They operate according to the pleasure principle, concerned with reducing tension by seeking pleasure and avoiding pain Based on evolutionary theory (Lamarckian principle, specifically), Freud believed that our id came from our ancestors
Background image of page 4
5 Level of personality (cont’d) Ego Mediator between the id and the circumstances of the external world to facilitate their interaction The ego represents reason or rationality, in contrast to the unthinking, insistent passions of the id The ego exists to help the id and is constantly striving to bring about satisfaction of the id’s instincts
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
6 Level of personality (cont’d) Superego The moral aspect of personality derived from internalizing parental and societal values and standards Developed early in life when the child assimilated the rules of conduct taught by parents or caregivers through a system of rewards and punishments Childhood behavior is initially controlled by parental actions, but once the superego has formed, behavior is determined by self-control. At that point, the person administers his or her own rewards and punishments The ego is pressured by dangers from the id, reality, and the superego. When the ego became too stressed, anxiety would develop
Background image of page 6
Image of page 7
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 02/26/2011 for the course PSYC 415 taught by Professor Ting during the Spring '10 term at Maryland.

Page1 / 25

Sigmund Freud-Psychoanalysis and controversies - Sigmund...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 7. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online