lecture 3_Overview of Exploration Stage_BB

lecture 3_Overview of Exploration Stage_BB - Theoretical...

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Unformatted text preview: Theoretical Background/ Theoretical Overview of Exploration Overview Stage Stage EXPLORATION STAGE EXPLORATION BASED ON PERSON-CENTERED THEORY OF THERAPY -goals of exploration stage -skills used at exploration stage PERSON-CENTERED THERAPY: Developed by Carl Rogers Developed Popularized terms “counseling” and “client” Person-Centered Therapy: Person-Centered Theory of Personality Development All people are born with a tendency to self- actualize called “Self Actualizing Tendency” Tendency” Organismic Valuing Process (OVP) is the Organismic innate process that tells us what is good/bad for us. It is the internal guide that helps us self-actualize that Conditions of Worth (COW) Person-Centered Therapy: How do problems develop? problems We can lose touch with our OVP We become governed by our COW and We do not trust our own experience do Real self vs. ideal self Person-Centered Tehrapy: Incongruence Incongruence This is the center of problems for Rogers People who have lost touch with their OVP People feel empty, phony (NOT genuine) feel Incongruence of the Real Self and the Real Ideal Self Ideal Incongruence can lead to depression, Incongruence anxiety, poor relationships, etc. anxiety, CLIENT-CENTERED THERAPY CLIENT-CENTERED Goals: to help clients become congruent, Goals: reduce conditions of worth, and increase feelings of positive regard feelings Therapist enters client’s subjective world and Therapist provides a healing relationship provides The therapy relationship is the vehicle The therapy through which change occurs. through Therapist assumes a stance of empathy, Therapist genuineness, and unconditional positive regard CLIENT-CENTERED THERAPY CLIENT-CENTERED Empathy: seeking a deep understanding seeking of what it feels like to be in that client’s world Genuineness: therapist is open to their therapist own experiences and genuinely available to client to Unconditional positive regard: value all value thoughts and feelings expressed by clients and place no judgments and How do clients change? How 6 conditions are necessary and sufficient for conditions change change 1. 2. 2. 3. 4. 4. 5. 5. 6. 6. Client and therapist must be in psychological contact Client Client must be in a state of incongruence Therapist must be congruent (genuine) in the Therapist relationship w/the client Therapist must feel unconditional positive regard for Therapist the client Therapist must have empathy for the client Therapist The client must experience the therapist’s empathy, The unconditional positive regard, and congruence EXPLORATION STAGE EXPLORATION Goals: establish rapport and develop trusting establish relationship relationship help clients explore listen carefully help clients tell their story learn about clients Exploration Stage: Skills Exploration Attending & listening skills Skills to explore thoughts open questions for thoughts open restatement restatement Skills to explore feelings open question for feeling open reflection reflection self-disclosure for feeling self-disclosure Approval & reassurance ...
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