Did Women Have An Early Modern Europe

Did Women Have An Early Modern Europe - Jacqueline...

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Jacqueline Sutjiawan History 103g Did Women Have An Early Modern Europe During the emergence of the Early Modern Europe, nations were known to have developed both intellectually and culturally. Movements such as the Renaissance, Reformation, religious wars, scientific revolution, industrialization, Enlightenment, and French Revolution had brought about the nations’ development in terms of thoughts, expressions, and societal and political issues that characterized the Early Modern Europe. New knowledge was increasingly acquired. New thoughts on religion, natural, and political philosophy were increasingly developed. New instruments and machines were increasingly invented. Yet, only the males contributed to most of these tremendous developments, questioning whether or not women have an Early Modern Europe. Thus, to conclude whether women did experience an Early Modern Europe, women’s role on the movements that characterized the Early Modern Europe would have to be assessed. The period of the Renaissance was characterized by the emergence of a cultural movement, ‘humanism’, and classical art and architecture that are naturalistic, realistic, and humanistic. During this period, classical ideas were reintroduced in the increasing works of humanists and artists. Such include Petrarch’s ‘Rules for the Successful Ruler’, Machiavelli’s ‘From the Discourses on Livy’, Leonardo da Vinci’s ‘Vitruvian Man’, and Dürer’s ‘Adam and Eve’. These primary sources are all the works of male humanists and artists, none belonging to a woman. The absence of a female work indicates that women, whether in terms of capability or liberation, were not able to produce any piece. This signifies that women did not have the opportunity and experience that the men had. In addition, on Francesco Barbaro’s ‘Advice to Lorenzo de Medici ‘On Wifely Duties’, his expected behaviors of women seems to worsen women’s condition. In Barbaro’s advice, he included that women “must agree to the first 1
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principle that she does not disagree with her husband at any point,” and “were prohibited by the laws of the Romans from pleading either crime or civil law cases.” These expectations of women imply that women were not given the opportunity and rights to express their thoughts. Thus, through these arguments, it can be concluded that women were not regarded during the Renaissance. Nevertheless, women did develop their thoughts. Christine De Pisan, a “renowned Renaissance noblewoman who had the reputation of being perhaps the first feminist”, instructed women on how to handle their husband in her book, ‘The Treasure of the City of Ladies’. She instructed that women, as a wife “should be involved in the work to the extent that she knows all about it, so that she may know how to oversee his workers if her husband is absent…” and “ought to warn him solicitously to take care that he does not make a bad deal”. With respect to Christine’s instruction on how women should handle their
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This note was uploaded on 02/27/2011 for the course HISTORY 103 taught by Professor A during the Summer '10 term at USC.

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Did Women Have An Early Modern Europe - Jacqueline...

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