Exam__2_-_8,_9,_10 - Human Sexuality Exam#2 Chapter Eight...

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Human Sexuality Exam #2 1 Chapter Eight – Sexually Transmitted Infections Sexual scene changing STI’s becoming more prevalent Disproportionately affects teens and young adults Chlamydia Chlamydia ( Chlamydia trachomatis ) – an bacterium that is spread by sexual contact and infects the genital organs of males and females One of the major reportable sexually transmitted diseases 178.9 cases per 100000 in Canada Most concern about ages 14 – 25 Symptom Males: Watery urethral discharge, mucropurulent urethral discharge, dysuria – painful urination, advanced cases can lead to epididymitis and prostatitis Epiididymitis – pain in the testes, redness/swelling of the scrotum, hardness, lump, and/or soreness in the affected testicle, pain during intercourse or ejaculation and during bowel movements o Can lead to epididymal granuloma formation – blockage of the epididymis o Can lead to male infertility – azoospermia (low sperm count) Females: Asymptomatic – having no symptoms 75% of women are asymptomatic to Chlamydia Can result in cervicitis or Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) o PID – an infection and inflammation of the pelvic organs, such as the fallopian tubes and the uterus, in the female o The leading cause of infertility in women o Increased risk of an ectopic pregnancy Treatment Chlamydia is curable with antibiotics; azithomycin or doxycycline If treated late cannot reverse PID tube scarring = infertile Prevention Screening, consistent use of condoms, knowledge Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) Causes genital warts Genital warts – a sexually transmitted infection causing warts on the genitals; usually around the urethral opening of the penis, the shaft of the penis, or the scrotum in the male, and on the vulva, the walls of the vagina, or the cervix in the female More than 70 strains of HPV have been identified Between 20-33% of women have HPV; between 11 – 25% of women have the cancer causing strains Genital warts spread easily on the skin of the infected person Warts are transmitted to other people with sexual activity
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Human Sexuality Exam #2 2 o Spread by skin to skin contact, especially during vaginal, anal, or oral intercourse o Virus enters the body through tiny breaks in the skin o Viral incubation period: 1 – 9 months Appearance Warts may be small, flat, pink, red, or flesh-coloured bumps, or tiny, cauliflower- like bumps Individual warts measure 1mm – 2mm Clusters of warts can measure 4 inches (10.2 cm) Often found on moist surfaces (penis, vulva, vaginal opening, rectum) Symptoms May produce a foul odor No symptoms or itching, burning, tenderness, and pain Diagnosis Inspection of warts during physical examination Scraping of warts to show marked vascularization of epidermal cells on a dark field ??? Vinegar like solution placed on wart turns it white
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Exam__2_-_8,_9,_10 - Human Sexuality Exam#2 Chapter Eight...

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