MOS Study Notes

MOS Study Notes - MOS Study Notes for Final Exam Chapter 4...

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MOS Study Notes for Final Exam Chapter 4 – Values, Attitudes and Work Behaviour Values: a broad tendency to prefer certain states of affairs over others. The preference aspect of this definition means that values have to do with what we consider good and bad. Values are motivational. Broad tendency means that values are very general and that they do not predict behavior on specific situations very well. Values can be classified into categories: intellectual, economic, aesthetic, social, political and religious Empowerment: leads to job satisfaction The real employee empowerment is not about sharing your power, it is about unleashing their power. Occupational Differences in Values Members of different occupational groups have different values These differences can cause problems when members of different occupations are required to interact with one another Evidence that when there is a good fit between a person’s values and his/her organization’s values it increases positive job attitudes and behaviors Values are relatively stable and develop early in a person’s life… it is assumed that people choose occupations that correspond to their values Values Across Cultures Work Centrality – work itself is valued differently across cultures… large scale survey found differences in the extent to which work is regarded as a ‘central life interest’. (Japan topped the list. . Americans were average work centrality) Hofstede’s Study Geert Hofstede questioned over 116 000 IBM employees worldwide about their work- related values. Four basic dimensions: power distance – extent to which society members accept an unequal distribution of power, including those who hold more power/less power… in small power distance cultures, inequality is minimized, superiors are accessible and power difference are downplayed (vice versa for high power distance cultures) Small Power Distance: Denmark, Canada, USA Large Power Distance: Phillipines, Venezuela uncertainty avoidance - extent to which people are uncomfortable with uncertain and ambiguous situations…strong uncertainty avoidance cultures stress rules and regulations, hard work, conformity and security. . weak are less concerned with rules, conformity and security, and hard work is not seen as a virtue
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Strong: Japan, Greece Weak: US and Canada masculinity/femininity – More masculine cultures clearly differentiate gender roles, support the dominance of men and stress economic performance. More feminine cultures accept fluid gender roles, stress sexual equality and stress quality of life. Masculine: Japan, Austria, mexico Feminine: Scandinavian individualism/collectivism – more individualistic societies tend to stress independence, individual initiative and privacy. More collective cultures favour interdependence and loyalty to one’s family. Individualistic: US, Australia, Great Britain, Canada
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This note was uploaded on 02/27/2011 for the course MOS 2180 taught by Professor Lindaeligh during the Spring '09 term at UWO.

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MOS Study Notes - MOS Study Notes for Final Exam Chapter 4...

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