Islam5[1] - Islam: The Straight Path by John Esposito...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Islam: The Straight Path by John Esposito Chapter 5: “Contemporary Islam: Religion and Politics” Dominant theme= resurgence The Islamic Resurgence -Increased emphasis on religious identity in practice -Increased emphasis on religious practices -Presuppositions -Western society tendency to separate religion and state is only modern option -Islam is a total way of life for many Muslims -Religion and society interrelated -Gamal Abd al-Nasser of Egypt -“Determined to emerge as a pan-Arab leader and legitimate his Arab socialist revolution and ideology” -State supported periodical “Minbar al-Islam” -Phenomena of Muslim Experience -Identity crisis from sense of failure, loss of identity, and lack of self- esteem -Disillusionment with the West -Sense of pride and power from military and economic success in 1973 -Quest for more authentic identity rooted in Islamic past -Islam and Israel -Six-Day War in 1967 Muslim soul searching and self-criticism -“The Disaster” -Showed state of decline of Muslims -“Muslims had failed Islam by relying on the West for their guidance and development”
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
-Faithfulness to Quran and Muhammad required for Muslim strength and success -Israel regarded as a Western (US) colony -October War of 1973 -Israel won, but Arabs felt vindicated by success of Egypt in the war -Anwar Sadat using Islamic symbols and rhetoric to motivate and mobilize Egyptians -Arab Oil Embargo of 1973 -West dependent on Middle East -Sign of wealth and power -Iranian Revolution of 1978-1979 -“Islamic Revolution” -Validated Islamic activists’ claims that “a return to Islam would restore religious identity and vitality” Ideological Worldview of Revivalism -General ideology of Islamic revivalism -Islam= total and comprehensive way of life -Departing from straight path of Islam failure of Muslim societies -Renewal of society requires a return to Islam -Western-inspired civil codes must be replaced with Islamic law -Science and technology OK, but must be subordinated to Islamic belief and values -Re-Islamization requires organizations of trained Muslims who are willing to struggle (jihad) against corruption and social injustice -Assumptions of radical activists who believe violent revolution is necessary -Crusader mentality, Neocolonialism, and the power of Zionism pit the West against Islam -Muslims MUST establish an Islamic system of government
Background image of page 2
-Governments that do not follow Sharia are illegitimate, they unbelievers and not true Muslims -Opposition to illegitimate governments extends to ulama, mosques, and religious establishment -Religious duty of jihad against unbelievers -Christians and Jews= unbelievers -Moderate majority reform through gradual transformation of Muslim society -Radical minority advocate violent revolution -Three patterns of modern nation building in Muslim world -Secular -Turkey under Mustafa Kemal (Ataturk) -Only country to chose completely secular path -Muslim -Majority of Muslim countries -Islamic -Saudi Arabia -Egypt -Leadership overthrown in 1952 by Gamal Abd al-Nasser and the Free
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 13

Islam5[1] - Islam: The Straight Path by John Esposito...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online