Prologue What question are we asking? -“Why is it that you white people developed so much cargo and brought it to New Guinea, but we black people had little cargo of our own?” o previous answers race phrenology pseudo-science genetics biology technology (only proximate causes-what were the underlying causes?) How did the world get to have the inequalities it does have? -already in 1500 AD, when Europe had just begun colonizing, continents differed in technological and political progress o Europe, Asia, North Africa: metal-equipped states, industrializing o Native Americans (Incas, Aztecs): stone tool empires o Sub-Saharan Africa: small states with iron tools o Other societies: farming or hunter-gatherer tribes -Different rates of development after the Ice Age led to original technological and political inequalities o Aboriginal Australians and Native Americans remained hunter gatherers o Eurasia, Americas, Sub-Saharan Africa developed agriculture, metallurgy,
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