Chapter 5

Chapter 5 - appearances and look for earliest site Where,...

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Chapter 5- History’s Haves and Have-Nots How do we determine food productions’ origins? - best evidence comes from plant and animal remains at archaeological sites o domesticated animals have distinctive differences in fossils o domesticated animal and plant remains showed likelihood of food production there wild animals and plants only indicated a hunter-gather society there o radiocarbon dating to date food production technical problems food there didn’t have enough carbon so scientists had to guess based on other materials found nearby carbon can fluctuate with time so they weren’t exact measurements - after dating remains had to be determined if the plants and animals were domesticated there or elsewhere and then spread to that site o could examine a map and find the wild ancestor to estimate where it could have been domesticated o could also plot on a map the various dates of domesticated forms first
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Unformatted text preview: appearances and look for earliest site Where, when, and how did food production develop in different areas of the world? -In some areas food production was completely independent o Southwest Asia (Near East or Fertile Crescent) o China o Mesoamerica (central and southern Mexico) o Andes of South America o Eastern United States o Possibly in: Africas Sahel zone, tropical West Africa, Ethiopia, and New Guinea -Other areas domesticated a few plants but most were from elsewhere o Western and central Europe: food production arose with arrival of Southwest Asian crops and animals o Indus Valley region of Indian subcontinent: arrival of Southwest Asian founder crops o Ethiopia: wheat, barley, and other Southwest Asian crops -Regions where food production only started with foreign arrivals o California, Pacific Northwest of North America, Argentine pampas, Australia, Siberia...
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