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Chapter 14

Chapter 14 - -states arise independently-Aristotle states...

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Chapter 14- From Egalitarianism to Kleptocracy What is egalitarianism and kleptocracy? - egalitarianism: equal - kelptocracy: stealing - social organization from band to tribe to chiefdoms to states Did institutions arise together or at different times? - each stage grows out of another so hard to tell o groups merge through threat of war or war itself - developmental sequences not invariant Why do commoners allow transfer of labor to kleptocrats? - risk of being overthrown or seek public support by having higher ratio of services o disarm populace or arm elite o make masses happy by redistributing tribute received o use monopoly of force to promote happiness o construct an ideology for kleptocracy shared ideology and religion Benedict Anderson: Imagined Communities How did small societies evolve into large centralized one?
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Unformatted text preview: -states arise independently -Aristotle: states natural condition of human society -Rousseau: states formed by social contract -Big complex systems for irrigation or hydraulic management requires centralized bureaucracy -Food production Why does tribal and band organization not all work for large societies? -conflict between unrelated strangers o willing to kill -growing impossibility of communal decision making with an increasing population size o control of information ie. Cuban missile crisis o small group of people make decisions for entire community -economic considerations o society requires means to transfer goods -population densitites o large societies of food producers have more members and higher population densities -...
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