Federalism-Decentraization - • Types of presidential...

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Federalism/decentralization Unitary o Central government Federal o Decentralization Focus on local governments o Delegation o National government shares responsibilities with lower levels of government (state) What powers are delegated? o Does the subunit have real autonomy or is it an agent of central government? o Separate taxing authority How are subunit boundaries drawn? o Can create districts that emphasize or repress ethnicity Pros of Federalism: o Voice for minorities o Better representation o Checks and balance States balance the central federal power o F.A Hayek Gain knowledge when more people can have input Judicial Review Lincoln Douglass debate on slavery o State rights Separate and independent judiciary o Essential as a check on executive balance Form of the Executive Choice between presidents and prime ministers
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Unformatted text preview: • Types of presidential powers o Veto and decree Types of Electoral systems • Plurality vs. PR o Decisiveness vs. resoluteness o Party discipline (PR) vs. closeness to constituencies (plurality) o Closed list (PR) vs. Open list (plurality) • Design Parameters o Electoral district borders o Length and timing of electoral cycles o Open or closed lists o Adjusting districting Judiciary • Common law or civil law? • Hw independent of other branches? o Who appoints justices o Accountability • Enforcement of the law? • Balances System Ranking • Classic Westminster • Parliamentary • Premier- presidential • Presidential with plurality • Parliamentary with fragmented partied • Presidential with fragmented parties...
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This note was uploaded on 02/28/2011 for the course POLITICAL 001 taught by Professor 1 during the Spring '11 term at GWU.

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Federalism-Decentraization - • Types of presidential...

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