Political parties

Political parties - • PR system o Interest aggregation at...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Political parties and electoral systems Divided Government When 2 separate parties control the government At least one opposition party controls something o Example: one party in the executive, one the house, and another the senate Unified Government Same party controls everything o Example: England Get things done quickly Functions of political parties Expanding political participation o People voicing what they want Stability of expectations o Always will be there Information function Interest aggregation o Groups that want something from the government o Taking many things that interest groups want and attempting to combine them What is mutually exclusive and what is not Plurality vs. Proportional Representation Systems Plurality System (first past the post) o Interest aggregation at level of party o Tent to get a 2 party system
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: • PR system o Interest aggregation at level of cabinet o Importance of dist. Magnitude o Open v. closed lists o Thresholds • Hybrid Systems o Mixed member proportional o Multimember o Single transferable vote PR Systems • Austria • Israel o No threshold o A lot of little parties • Poland o No threshold o A lot of parties • Turkey • Brazil o Open list No party discipline • Chile o Different 3 traditional blocs system made to create 2 blocs in 2-person districts, second seat will go to leading party leads to instability • New Zealand o Had Westminster system o Moved to MMP in 1996 o 2005 a lot of parties all governments must rule by coalition • Mexico o One party system The PRI o New system Moves more toward a PR system o PRI and IFE now...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 02/28/2011 for the course POLITICAL 001 taught by Professor 1 during the Spring '11 term at GWU.

Page1 / 2

Political parties - • PR system o Interest aggregation at...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online