Chapter 9 – Thinking and Intelligence Classical conditioning behavior is reflexive, operant conditioning is voluntary. In classical conditioning, there always has to be a stimulus, behavior is almost forced. In operant conditioning, the focus is on the observable behavior, the behavior is voluntary. Can we define intelligence? • “An inferred characteristic of an individual, usually defined as the ability to profit from experience, acquire knowledge, think abstractly, act purposefully, or adapt to changes in the environment.” (textbook definition) • the way intelligence is expressed in behavior varies from culture to culture. • Individual differences refer to the consistent, stable ways people are different from each other. Can we measure intelligence? • If no, where does that leave us? • If yes, what do we need to do? o Develop some kind of comparison Developing a Test • Standardization – uniform procedures for administration & scoring. • Norms – established standards of performance for a test.
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This note was uploaded on 02/28/2011 for the course PSYCH 001 taught by Professor Benbassi during the Fall '08 term at GWU.