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Behavior-Response - behavior • Make the punishment fit...

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Behavior Response Eat Tomato CAKE Positive Reinforcement o Increase probability that Dennis will the tomato next time, positive reinforcement. o Intermittent reinforcement, only gets cake sometimes, occasionally. o Better than continuous reinforcement o Intermittent reinforcement will cement the behavior Doesn’t Eat Tomato No Video Games Negative Reinforcement o Eats the tomato to avoid negative consequence o Increase the probabilily of the behavior happen again o If Dennis does not eat the tomato and the video games are taken away, it is called negative punishment Combination of both is the best solution Introducing a negative stimulus to the kid, punishment generally by itself does not work. Punishment is Effective In certain circumstances. When the positive reinforcement doesn’t work. When the behavior being punished is viewed as more destructive than the punishment itself. When it is immediate, consistent, and severe enough to alter targeted
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Unformatted text preview: behavior. • Make the punishment fit the crime Positive punishment – the application of an aversive (painful) stimulus to decrease a behavior • Hit the kid, give something to the kid Negative punishment – the removal of a desired stimulus in order to decrease a behavior • Taking something away Premack Principle • Probable behavior (behaviors likely to happen such as eating, playing tennis, etc.) can reinforce less probable or unlikely behaviors such as cleaning a closet • “you can go outside AFTER you clean your room” Types of Reinforcers • Primary – a reinforcer (ex. Food, water, sex, termination of pain) that has survival value for the person and does not have to be learned. • Secondary – a neutral stimulus that has no intrinsic value for a person but can become rewarding (ex. Money, praise, etc.). It is learned....
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