13 - o Honestly, kindness Secondary Characterize behavior,...

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Chapter 13: Understanding Human Personality Type Personality Theory Personality Types o Distinct patterns of personality o Label of personality o Non overlapping If assigned to one type, that’s it Hippocrates’ humor (5 th century) o Body contains 4 fluids Blood Phlegm Black vile Yellow vile o Temperament and personality depends on what type of fluid is in the body Galen’s Personality Temperament o Goes along with Hippocrates o Believed up through the middle ages Sulloway’s Theory of birth order (1995) o First Born Ready made niche Command parents love and attention o Later Born Born to rebel Need to find a different niche Do not so clearly follow parents example Trait Personality Theories Personality Traits o Continuous o Intelligent o Friendliness o Allport’s Trait Approach Traits rely on different stimuli Cardinal traits Trait that we base our lives off of Central Traits Major characteristics of a person
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Unformatted text preview: o Honestly, kindness Secondary Characterize behavior, but not personality o Food or dress preference o Stimulus (giving a speech) Trait (Shyness) Responses (blushing) Trait can affect how you react Personality Circle o 4 main categories Extraverted vs. Introverted Unstable vs. Stable Five Factor Model Theory (current) o Extraversion o Agreeableness o Conscientiousness o Neuroticism o Openness to experience Traits and Heritability Behavioral Genetics o Study of the degree that personality traits and behavior patterns are inherited Family Studies (environmental) Twin studies o Prove that genetics have something to do with personality Consistency Paradox o Personality ratings are consistent across time and among different observers, while behavior rating are not Personality is consistent, behavior is not consistent...
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This note was uploaded on 02/28/2011 for the course PSYCH 001 taught by Professor Benbassi during the Fall '08 term at GWU.

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13 - o Honestly, kindness Secondary Characterize behavior,...

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