masculine geneder role conflict

masculine geneder role conflict - Professional Psychology...

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Masculine Gender Role Conflict and Negative Feelings About Being Gay Francisco J. Sa ´nchez UCLA School of Medicine John S. Westefeld and William Ming Liu University of Iowa Eric Vilain UCLA School of Medicine Professional psychologists who work with gay men have noted that traditional masculine ideals play a prominent role in the gay community whereby some endorse these traditional ideals and stigmatize effeminate behavior by other gay men. One hypothesis is that this behavior reflects negative feelings about being gay. This article examined this hypothesis by reporting the results of an online survey of 622 self-identified gay men. Participants completed the Gender Role Conflict Scale, Lesbian and Gay Identity Scale, the Social Desirability Scale, and questions related to the importance of masculinity. Results showed that most participants valued the public appearance of masculinity; and they ideally wished to be more masculine than they felt they were (Cohen’s d 5 0.42). A multiple regression analysis showed that the degree to which they valued masculinity and were concerned with violating masculine ideals was positively related with negative feelings about being gay (Cohen’s f 2 5 .67). These findings highlight the importance of exploring the role that masculine ideals play in gay client’s lives given that negative feelings about oneself can adversely affect psychological well-being. Keywords: antifemininity, straight acting, internalized homophobia, internalized heterosexism, self-esteem Supplemental materials: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0015805.supp What do you need to do to prove how much self-loathing there is [among gay men]? Just pick up any newspaper that has personal ads in it and look at how many say, “No Fats. . .No Femmes. . .Straight- Acting Seeking Same. . .In the Closet. . .Do Not Believe in the Gay Lifestyle.” Do you ever see an ad for a heterosexual saying, “Please Don’t Act Straight?” —Harvey Fierstein (actor and playwright) This Fierstein quote (as cited in Baim & Wockner, 1998) high- lights a contentious aspect of gay male life: Many gay men endorse traditional masculinity and deride effeminate behavior in other gay men (Bailey, 1996; Taywaditep, 2001). Although this may surprise professional psychologists who do not actively engage with the gay community, it is a topic that has received substantial attention in the popular gay press (e.g., Bergling, 2001; Cummings, 1999; Rice, 2006) and among academic scholars (e.g., Levine, 1992; Nardi, 2000). More importantly, practitioners who work with gay men have noted that traditional masculinity plays a prominent role in the lives of some of their clients (Haldeman, 2006; Schwartzberg & Rosenberg, 1998). F RANCISCO J. SA ´ NCHEZ received his PhD in counseling psychology from the University of Iowa in 2005. He is currently a psychology research fellow in the Center for Gender-Based Biology and the Department of Human Genetics at the UCLA School of Medicine. His major research interest is the biopsychology of sexual orientation and gender identity.
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This note was uploaded on 02/28/2011 for the course PSYCH 170 taught by Professor Harding during the Spring '09 term at CUNY Hunter.

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masculine geneder role conflict - Professional Psychology...

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