AKC_JAINISM

AKC_JAINISM - JAINISM Central Problem of Indian Religious...

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JAINISM
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Central Problem of Indian Religious Life How to find release from karma and escape the continual round of rebirth entailed by it?
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Origin of the Name Jain Jain = one who follows a jina Jina = “conqueror” in Sanskrit Has been victorious over the obstacles to liberation Jainism calls for a life of discipline, self- denial, and renunciation, leading to liberation
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Buddhism and Jainism – Commonalities originated in India during Axis Age (6 th c. BCE) looked toward liberation of the self sprang from the Kshatriya caste (warrior-chieftain class) denied the saving efficacy of the Vedas Objected to the ritual observances based upon them challenged authority of Brahmin priesthood
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Jainism # Buddhism Adherents mainly in India Has 4 to 6 million adherents, mainly concentrated in Bombay (Mumbai) Affirms the substantiality of individual selves, as jivas (the individual’s higher consciousness or soul)
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Jainism # Hinduism Jainism = religion of self-reliance Gods cannot help. They too are working out their own liberation Priests cannot invoke any special powers Jainism does not accept the Vedas In Jainism, women can be nuns
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Impact Ahimsa embraced by Gandhi Big role in global environmental and animal rights movements
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The Founder: Mahavira Was a contemporary of the Buddha Died in ca. 527 BCE Prince of a kshatriya clan
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This note was uploaded on 02/28/2011 for the course REL 100 taught by Professor Woodword during the Fall '08 term at ASU.

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AKC_JAINISM - JAINISM Central Problem of Indian Religious...

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