AKC_Monotheism_Part2

AKC_Monotheism_Part2 - Roman rule (63 BCE638 CE) 63...

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Roman rule (63 BCE–638 CE) 63 BCE—Roman general Pompey conquered Jerusalem Roman Empire rules Judea until Muslim conquest in 638 CE
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During Roman rule Jews enjoyed some religious independence. Led by priests. Local government was entrusted to local princes, of whom Herod the Great (37 BCE-4 CE) was one. Herod was the ruler of Palestine at the time Jesus was born. Later, procurators
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Outside Influences in 1 st c. BCE Hellenistic culture Alien rule Babylonian Persian Greek Roman Diaspora
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New questions had arisen: What was authoritative scripture? Who could interpret Scriptures?
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Four important factions Sadducees Essenes Pharisees Zealots
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The Development of Rabbinical/ Talmudic Judaism
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Destruction of 2 nd Temple Ended power of priesthood. Sacrifice was no longer possible Ritual was thus de-emphasized Judaism emphasized scripture interpretation. Leadership passed from priest to rabbis
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Pharisees provided new leadership. Why? Politically reliable to Rome Pharisees established academy Yavneh (or Jamnia) Pharisees = leaders of synagogue tradition
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Reinterpretation of Judaism after fall of Temple People of Israel is holy Every male head of Jewish household = priest Table in every Jewish house is an altar
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200 CE--Rabbi Judah compiled Mishnah (‘repetition’) Codification of Torah in 6 sections Gemara (“tradition,” “ completion”) Commentary of the Mishnah Completed in 6 th c. Mishnah + Gemara = Talmud
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This note was uploaded on 02/28/2011 for the course REL 100 taught by Professor Woodword during the Fall '08 term at ASU.

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AKC_Monotheism_Part2 - Roman rule (63 BCE638 CE) 63...

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