AKC_TAOISM__DAOISM_

AKC_TAOISM__DAOISM_ - TAOISM (DAOISM) Overview Tao (or Dao)...

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TAOISM (DAOISM)
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Overview Tao (or Dao) = "way" or "path“ = “the Way of all things“ = mysterious source and ordering principle of universe.
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Daoism emerged in the 3 rd c. BCE under the Chou dynasty before first unification of China Time of major political and social chaos
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The Issue of Rulership Three schools of philosophy Confucian: human beings need structure and rules in order to learn to love. Family training Legalist (or Authoritarian): human beings are basically selfish and materialistic. Clearly defined laws must be enforced to maintain order Daoist exalted nature over society
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Development of Daoism Started as a mystical philosophy of life (no focus on gods and no use of rituals) Developed into a popular religious system with many deities and many rituals
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Daoism Today In the recent past persecuted in mainland China Resurgence in popularity
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Daoism Practiced Taiwan Hong Kong Chinese communities of Malaysia, Thailand, Syngapore US (San Francisco)
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A Taste of Daoist Worldview No god-creator. There is the Dao. Dao (the Way) = mysterious source and ordering principle of the universe Source of gods neither positive or negative no command; no judgement experienced as female because it sustains and nurtures
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How Does the Dao produce the world? Self-generation or gestation. The Dao grows itself into the universe Dao generated qi Qi = “the One” = primordial energy, the breath of life Each human being has this qi Daoist practice is based on how humans nurture qi
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Yin and Yang Qi developed two complementary patterns of energy YIN = dark, heavy, obscure, passive, earth, death, and feminine YANG = light, warm, airy, active, life, heaven, and masculine
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Yin and Yang The whole universe can be understood as yin, yang, or a combination of the two Both energies harmonized and formed human beings Human body = microcosm of world Cosmic connections can be found between body parts, seasons, planets, divinities, and the elements
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Diagram of the Supreme Ultimate, 1623
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Daoist Practice = learn how to control qi Goal is to ally oneself to the yang pattern of light-male-heaven But also cultivate yin quality of femaleness. Female-yin energies nurture and vitalize male-yang energies Powerful divinities may be called down to revitalize us
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T’ai-chi ch’uan `Developed in 18c. CE as a training for martial arts Helps to channel qi to body organs and revitalize them Practiced by Chinese at dawn and dusk for their health
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Ancient Folk Tradition Were incorporated into Daoism, Confucianism, and Buddhism = beliefs and practices typical of everyday life passed down from generation to generation
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This note was uploaded on 02/28/2011 for the course REL 100 taught by Professor Woodword during the Fall '08 term at ASU.

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AKC_TAOISM__DAOISM_ - TAOISM (DAOISM) Overview Tao (or Dao)...

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