CHRIST4

CHRIST4 - Christianity Part 4 Institutionalization of the...

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Unformatted text preview: Christianity Part 4 Institutionalization of the Church Emperor Constantine (r. 306-337) 313--Edict of Milan or Edict of Toleration. Legalized Christianity Made Sunday a legal holiday. 330--Moved capital to Byzantium Constantine Sought to unify empire through religion. Called the first ecumenical council to resolve church conflicts Ecumenical = from the whole world Later emperors called similar councils Important Early Ecumenical Councils 1 st Ecumenical Council--Nicea, 325 Declared that Christ is fully God 2 nd Ecumenical CouncilConstantinople, 381 Formulated Doctrine of Trinity 4 th Ecumenical CouncilChalcedon, 451 Declared that Christ is fully human and fully God The Ascetic Movement (3 rd-4th c.). Renunciation of physical pleasures Self-denial. Askesis (training, exercise). Training for kingdom of God. Growth of Ascetic Movement Reaction to Rich, Powerful Church Lay Movement against Hierarchical church Types of Monasticism Hermits Antony of Egypt -- 251-356 CE Cenobites Pachomius (4 th cent. Egypt) Monks lived together Common food Common labor Common prayer Benedict of Nursia (c. 480-550) Most important Western monastic movement Benedictine Rule ( Ora et Labora ) Moderate asceticism Economic self-sufficiency Common prayer Manual labor Copying Manuscripts Monte Cassino Sacrament = Mystery Baptism Communion B or Eucharist Other Catholic Sacraments Confirmation Marriage....
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This note was uploaded on 02/28/2011 for the course REL 100 taught by Professor Woodword during the Fall '08 term at ASU.

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CHRIST4 - Christianity Part 4 Institutionalization of the...

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