HinduismPart1_2 - UNIT I Religions Originating in India...

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UNIT I: Religions Originating in India Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism
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Distribution of World Religions, 1980s
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Adherents of Religions Originating in India, 1998 Hindus 761,689,000 (12.8% ) Buddhists 353,794,000 (6.0%) Jains 3,922,000 (0.1%) Sikhs 22,332,000 (0.4%) Total 1,141,737,000 (19.3%)
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Hinduism – Part I -- Introduction Origins of the Term Hinduism Geography and Demography Brief History of India
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Hinduism Third largest religion today after Christianity and Islam. Second fastest growing religion after Islam. Amalgam of spiritual traditions originating in South Asia Unites the worship of many gods belief in a single divine reality.
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Origins of the Term Hinduism comes from Sindhus. Sindhus = great Indus River in Sanskrit. 8 th c. CE, Muslim invaders used Hindu to designate people who lived east of the Indus River. 19 th c. the British used Hindu to designate the non- Muslim natives in census-taking. Later, South Asian intellectuals and politicians accepted the term
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Hinduism is Falsely Singular Some traditions might justify caste social inequality Others might argue for the reform of society for “God-given” egalitarianism Some practice animal sacrifices extreme sensuality others are non violent ascetics
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Contrary to Christianity and Islam, Hinduism DOES NOT HAVE - an identifiable founder - a single canonical text accepted by all followers - a religious elite or single priestly group who exert control over the development of its fundamental beliefs and practices - a strong organizational structure to defend and spread its influence
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How do Hindus Name their Religion? Dharma (in Sanskrit) = Duty = The ways things are intended to be = Law = Way of life and thought
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Where do Hindus Live? Mainly on the South Asian subcontinent India Nepal (the world’s only Hindu nation) Pakistan and Bangladesh Buddhist Sri Lanka Burma, Malaysia, Indonesia, Fiji, and the Caribbean
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Demography About 800 million Hindus in the world in North America over one million There are Euro-American converts to Hinduism (the Hare Krishna movement)
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Brief History of India The two major ethnic groups in India are: Indo-Aryans in northern India Dravidians in southern India The Dravidians = the aboriginal people of India. The Indo-Aryans = invaders?
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Dravidian Harappa Civilization When? From about 2500 BCE to 1500 BCE Where? in the Indus Valley (in modern-day Pakistan) Significance: Religious symbols found at Harappa still appear in contemporary Indian culture seals depicting an ascetic male figure, sitting in yogic posture natural elongated oval stones (= the low columns that some Indians now worship in honor of the god Shiva)
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Indus Valley Civilization
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Great Bath, Mohenjo-Daro
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Well, Mohenjo-Daro
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Private bath, Mohenjo-Daro
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Harappan Sewage Drain
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Unicorn Seal
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