HinduismPart1_2 - UNIT I: Religions Originating in India...

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UNIT I: Religions Originating inIndiaHinduism, Buddhism, Jainism,Sikhism
Distribution of World Religions,1980s
Adherents of ReligionsOriginating in India, 1998Hindus761,689,000 (12.8% )Buddhists 353,794,000(6.0%)Jains3,922,000(0.1%)Sikhs22,332,000(0.4%)Total1,141,737,000(19.3%)
Hinduism – Part I -- IntroductionOrigins of the Term HinduismGeography and DemographyBrief History of India
HinduismThird largest religion today afterChristianity and Islam.Second fastest growing religion after Islam.Amalgam of spiritual traditions originatingin South AsiaUnitesthe worship of many godsbelief in a single divine reality.
Origins of the Term Hinduismcomes from Sindhus.Sindhus = great Indus River in Sanskrit.8thc. CE, Muslim invaders used Hindu todesignate people who lived east of the IndusRiver.19thc. the British used Hindu to designate the non-Muslim natives in census-taking.Later, South Asian intellectuals and politiciansaccepted the term
Hinduism is Falsely SingularSome traditions might justifycastesocial inequalityOthers might arguefor the reform of societyfor “God-given” egalitarianismSome practiceanimal sacrificesextreme sensualityothers are non violent ascetics
Contrary to Christianity andIslam, HinduismDOES NOT HAVE- an identifiable founder- a single canonical text accepted by allfollowers- a religious elite or single priestly groupwho exert control over the development ofits fundamental beliefs and practices- a strong organizational structure to defendand spread its influence
How do Hindus Name theirReligion?
Where do Hindus Live?Mainly on the South Asian subcontinentIndiaNepal (the world’s only Hindu nation)Pakistan and BangladeshBuddhist Sri LankaBurma, Malaysia, Indonesia, Fiji, and theCaribbean
DemographyAbout 800 million Hindus in the worldin North America over one millionThere are Euro-American converts toHinduism (the Hare Krishna movement)
Brief History of IndiaThe two major ethnic groups in India are:Indo-Aryans in northern IndiaDravidians in southern IndiaThe Dravidians = the aboriginal people ofIndia.The Indo-Aryans = invaders?
Dravidian Harappa CivilizationWhen? From about 2500 BCE to 1500 BCEWhere? in the Indus Valley (in modern-dayPakistan)Significance: Religious symbols found at Harappastill appear in contemporary Indian cultureseals depicting an ascetic male figure, sitting in yogic posturenatural elongated oval stones (= the low columns that someIndians now worship in honor of the god Shiva)
Indus Valley Civilization
Great Bath, Mohenjo-Daro
Well, Mohenjo-Daro
Private bath, Mohenjo-Daro
Harappan Sewage Drain
Unicorn Seal

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Term
Spring
Professor
Woodword
Tags
Buddhism, Hinduism, Jainism, Sikhism, World Religions, India, Vedas, single divine reality, Brahman Atman Maya, early Indic religion

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