NewPowerPointIslam

NewPowerPointIslam - ISLAM What do these words mean? Islam...

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ISLAM
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What do these words mean? Islam is a word that means “submission to God” The followers of Islam are called Muslims. The word Muslim means “one who submits to Allah” Allah is the Arabic word for GOD
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Distribution of Religions in 1980s
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Percentage of Adherents to Some World Religions Christians Muslims Buddhists Hindus Jews Other
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Countries with Muslim Majorities
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Judaism, Christianity, and Islam Similarities Differences
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All 3 Religions Come from the Middle East
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Similar Beliefs ONE GOD Patriarch Abraham Universal prophetic message Angels Satan Divine Judgment
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Death of Moses
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Differences Muslims believe that Jews and Christians have gone astray God sent Muhammad to restore the true faith of Abraham
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Arabia at the Time of the Prophet Urbanized, trading community in the Saudi desert Polytheistic Allah, high God of the Kaaba Exposed to Jewish, Christian, and Zoroastrian influences
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Muhammad 570—Birth in Mecca 610--First revelation 622—Hijra (flight to Medina) 630—Capitulation of Mecca 632—Death of Muhammad
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Hijra Opposition in Mecca forced Muhammad and followers to retreat to Medina In Medina, Muhammad combined the role of religious prophet political ruler
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630--Capitulation of Mecca Muhammad victoriously entered Mecca Destroyed tribal idols in Ka’ba
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Revelation of Qur’an 610 CE—Muhammad was 40 Received 1 st revelation in a cave at Mount Hira Jibreel (Gabriel) appeared and ordered Muhammad to recite The Night of Power and Excellence Celebrated during Ramadan (Sawm) Muhammad became the Messenger of God.
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Development of Qur’an Received divine revelations over 22 years (610-632). Ca. 650 CE, 3 rd caliph (Uthman), established authoritative text Uthman’s text is the one still used
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Composition of Qur’an 114 chapters of 6,000 verses Chapters arranged according to length, not to chronology
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The Qur’an during the Meccan Period For Muslims, the Qur’an is the Book of God.
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This note was uploaded on 02/28/2011 for the course REL 100 taught by Professor Woodword during the Fall '08 term at ASU.

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NewPowerPointIslam - ISLAM What do these words mean? Islam...

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