REL100Islam

REL100Islam - Distribution of Religions in 1980s Countries...

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Distribution of Religions in 1980s
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Countries with Muslim Majorities
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What do these words mean? Islam is a word that means “submission to God” The followers of Islam are called Muslims. The word Muslim means “one who submits to Allah” Allah is the Arabic word for GOD
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Demography Second largest religion in the world 1.3 billion followers (one in five people in the world) Arabs constitute only 18 percent of the worldwide Muslim community
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Judaism, Christianity, and Islam Similarities Differences
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All 3 Religions Come from the Middle East
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Similar Beliefs ONE GOD Patriarch Abraham Universal prophetic message Angels Satan Divine Judgment
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Death of Moses
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Differences Muslims believe that Jews and Christians have gone astray God sent Muhammad to restore the true faith of Abraham
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Arabia at the Time of the Prophet Urbanized, trading community in the Saudi desert Polytheistic Allah, high God of the Kaaba Exposed to Jewish, Christian, and Zoroastrian influences
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Prophet Muhammad God’s human instrument in bearing His revelation Model and ideal whom all believers should emulate
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Community of the Prophet Islam’s formative years = idealized period the time of the Prophet Muhammad, the revelation of the Quran, Muhammad’s 1 st community = “best of times.” Regarded as most authentic Islamic community
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Early Life before the Revelation (570-610) Muhammad ibn Abdullah (son of Abdullah) 570—Born in Mecca Member of ruling tribe of Quraysh Orphaned at early age Raised by an uncle, Abu Talib Worked as caravan driver /business manager for the widow Khadija Married Khadija
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Muhammad’s early life (cont.) As trader, Muhammad met other religions Christianity Judaism Familiar with debates about nature of God. At 30 years, Muhammad = prominent, respected member of Meccan society Disciplined spiritual seeker Meditated in caves surrounding Mecca. Contemplated social ills, serious social cleavages.
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Revelation of Quran 610 CE—Muhammad was 40 Received 1 st revelation in a cave at Mount Hira Jibreel (Gabriel) appeared and ordered Muhammad to recite “The Night of Power and Excellence” Muhammad became the Messenger of God.
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Development of Quran Received divine revelations over 22 years (610-632). Ca. 650 CE, 3 rd caliph (Uthman), established authoritative text Uthman’s text is the one still used
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Composition of Quran 114 chapters of 6,000 verses Chapters arranged according to length, not to chronology
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Period For Muslims, the Quran is the Book of God. Earliest suras are the shortest
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REL100Islam - Distribution of Religions in 1980s Countries...

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