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Religion_comes_from_Latin.__It_means

Religion_comes_from_Latin.__It_means - REL 100 Dr Agnes...

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REL 100 Dr. Agnes Kefeli Religions of the World
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GROUP WORK QUESTIONS - 1. With your partner, write both sides of a debate on the assertion: “Religions have in human history done more harm than good and therefore should be banned” - 2. Why do you want to study the major religions of the World? - 3. Why is there religion? What are the questions religion seeks to answer? - 4. If you had to design a new religion, what would you include? Attempt a definition of religion.
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INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF RELIGION
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RELIGION = in Latin, “to tie back, to tie again” = ties people back to a greater reality = ties people together in a community
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Why is the Study of Religion important in 21 st c.? Religion plays a role in politics, arts, economics the study of religion develops greater tolerance, appreciation of differences.
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What is Religious Studies? Religious Studies take religion as an object of study. Theologians versus Scholars of Religion Theologians want to prove that their religion is the true one. Scholars or scientists of Religious Studies compare different customs, beliefs, rituals.
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Where, When, and Why did the Science of Religion Arise? Europe, 18 th c. In 16 th c. religion was the basic foundation of life. In Europe Christianity was dominant. New discoveries People managed to build great civilizations without ever knowing God’s revelation in the Bible or in Jesus Christ. Religious wars
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The Enlightenment (18 th c.) Religion became an object of study. Would it be possible to find a new form of religion, beyond the quarrels of churches? A single religion, shared by the entire human race?
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Deism Often called natural religion Belief in a creator God Belief in a moral code given to guide the conduct of human beings Belief in the promise of an afterlife The goal was peace
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Famous Deists in the American Colonies Thomas Jefferson Ben Franklin
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Result of the Enlighteners’ Approach Scholars developed a scientific view of religion They asked questions: - What is religion? - Why does it exist? What is the source of religion? - What explains its variety? - Why are people religious?
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Development of the Study of Religion (19 th -20 th c.) Materialistic Perspective Intellectualist Perspective Idealist or Faith Perspective Functional Perspective Semiotic Perspective
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The Materialistic Perspective Humans Invented Religion Hostile to religion Religion = superstition, untrue Only the material world exists Religion will disappear as the world embraces scientific rationalism
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Ludwig Feuerbach (1804-72)
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Ludwig Feuerbach (19 th c) German philosopher No supernatural entities. Deities = projections of people’s fears and desires Gods = the most fearsome natural elements of nature humans ascribe things to God that are in fact human.
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