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SHINTO - SHINTO Japanese ethnic religion Shinto = way of...

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SHINTO Japanese ethnic religion Shinto = “way of the spirits.” shen (spirits) dao (way) Goal of life = harmony with the kami
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Shinto = Japanese religion Japanese descended from kami Amaterasu. Kami Izanami and Izanagi created Japan.
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Most Japanese participate in several religions Shinto Buddhism Confucianism Daoism.
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Historical Development 6 th century CE Introduction of Buddhism into Japan Development of Shinto as a separate religion 19 th century Western imperialist challenge Emperor Meiji reinterpreted Shinto. Purified it of many Buddhist influences. 20 th c.--Emperor Hirohito denied his divinity.
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Kami Powers in natural phenomena. Family ancestors, dead leaders, national or local heroes Kami can become humans; humans could become kami.
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Shinto Texts Kojiki (712, “Chronicles of Ancient Events”). Nihongi (720, “Chronicles of Japan”).
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Creation Story from Kojiki Izanagi, (He Who Invites) and Izanami (She Who Invites) created Japanese islands. After the production of the islands, the couple produced many kami.
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Death of Izanami The birth of the fire god killed Izanami. She went to the land of the dead. Izanagi sought her in the corrupt land of the dead. Izanagi polluted himself. Ceremonial cleansing was required for him. From this act of cleansing, other (kami) were created.
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Important Kami Amaterasu, the sun goddess Susanoo, god of storms Tsukiyomi, the moon god
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Japanese Imperial House Amaterasu’s grandson ruled islands. First human emperor = Jimmu Tenno (660 BCE) Amaterasu’s great-grandson Ancestor of all imperial houses. Human with kami nature. Able to communicate with the sun goddess. Worship is communion with the kami.
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Multi-religious society 7 th c. CE--the Emperor Shotoku (574-622 CE), supported Shinto Buddhism Confucianism Shinto helped Japanese relate to natural environment Confucianism helped build solid families Buddhism provided for life after death
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