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SIKHISM - SIKHISM Overview fifth largest of all world...

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SIKHISM
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Overview fifth largest of all world religions Emerged in the 15 th c. CE in northwest India Sikhism = syncretism of Hinduism and Islam or a new revelation?
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Guru Nanak (1469-ca. 1539) Founder Sikhs = disciples, students, seekers of truth Nine gurus succeeded Nanak (the last one being Guru Gobind Singh, 17 th c.)
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Guru Nanak – Central Beliefs Believed in the One, the formless and transcendent God To God one owes absolute submission in love Love is expressed in community singing, NOT through temple ritual and asceticism
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Guru Nanak Rejected Caste divisions and hierarchy Shrines, asceticism, prophets, incarnations Competing religious identities of Hindu and Muslim
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Sikhs Today 2 percent of the Indian population Located in the Punjab Partition in 1947 was dramatic Fight for Sikh regional autonomy or independent Khalistan Form diaspora in Europe and especially in the US Do not seek converts
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Hinduism versus Islam -- Differences Hinduism MANY gods Religious images Vegetarianism Islam ONE God None Allows killing of cows
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Commonalities Mystical path Sufism (mystical Islam) and Hinduism recognize the important role of a spiritual master guru for Hindus sheikh for Sufis.
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