Zoroastrianism_EarlyJudaism_NewPP

Zoroastrianism_EarlyJudaism_NewPP - Zoroastrianism and...

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Zoroastrianism and Early Judaism
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Judaism, Christianity, and Islam Originated in the Middle East Claim descent from Abraham God called Abraham, who renounced other gods lived by faith in the one true God
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Worldwide Adherents of All Religions, Mid-1998 Religions Originating in the Mideast Religions Originating in India Religions Originating in China or Japan " Basic" Religions Atheists and Nonreligious Other Religions
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Zoroastrianism influenced Judaism Christianity Islam.
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Is Zoroastrianism a living or dead religion? A. Living B. Dead
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All four religions Believe in one all-powerful personal deity. Monotheistic religions. Good and evil
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What is the birth place of Zoroastrianism? A. France B. Arabia C. Palestine D. Iran E. Egypt
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ZOROASTRIANISM Monotheistic Ancient Persia Challenged native Iranian animism Ahura Mazda (Wise God) spoke to Zarathustra (6 th or 7 th c. BCE?)
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Center of Zoroastrianism Mumbai, India Zoroastrians immigrated to India Known as Parsis (Persians) Approximately 250000 Zoroastrians in world
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Zoroastrians in America http://www.nytimes.com/packages/khtml/20
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God is One holy, righteous, immortal Creator Omniscient Omnipotent He has no equals Transcendent Personal Beyond gender
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Humanity is central to creation Superior to other creatures Special relationship with God. Special responsibility
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Special human status Reason Freedom Moral choice Capacity for good and evil.
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Humanity and Creator. Creator has revealed the good path The path is revealed in scriptures. Avesta (= Instruction, law) is the sacred Zoroastrian liturgical text (written in Avestan, ancient Iranian language) Book assembled in ca. 3 rd c. CE
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The Two Eternal Spirits of Zoroastrianism Spenta Mainyu ( a good spirit) Angra Mainyu (an evil spirit, “the destructive spirit”) = also called Satan Both spirits emanate from the one God, Ahura Mazda (= fatherly figure, expresses his will through Spenta Mainyu and higher spirits named Good Thought, Piety, Prosperity) Both Good and Evil Spirits exist in balance and are necessary for life.
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Why do Humans Choose Evil? Two contradictory theories Humans are free to make moral choice Evil force (Angra Mainyu)
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Only One Life to Live Zoroastrianism emphasizes human accountability. Good deeds are rewarded in paradise Evil deeds punished in hell. Soul is judged on the 4 th day after On the fourth day the soul is judged Deeds are weighed on scale
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WHO IS THE EVIL SPIRIT who battles against Ahura Mazda? A. Spenta Mainiyu B. Darth Vader C. Avesta D. Zarathustra E. Angra Mainiyu
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What is Eschatology? A. Any doctrine concerning the Last Hour
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Zoroastrianism_EarlyJudaism_NewPP - Zoroastrianism and...

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