Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System

Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System - Belize Barrier Reef...

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Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System Torrie Wyatt SCI/230 June 2, 2010 Carleitta Paige
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The Belize barrier reef reserve system is the largest barrier reef in the northern hemisphere. The barrier reef is made up by seven different sites along the coast of Belize. They are the Bacalar Chico national park and marine reserve, Blue Hole, Half Moon Caye Natural Monument, South Wather Caye Marine Reserve, Glovers Reef Marine Reserve, Laughing Bird Caye National Park, and Sapodilla Cayes Marine Reserve (World Heritage, 2010 ). There is an abundance of various life forms living around the barrier reef. This includes 500 species of fish, 65 scheraetinian coral, 45 hydroids, and 350 mollusks. There are also a diversity of sponges, marine worms and crustaceans. There is also a diversity of life that does not live submerged in the waters of the reef. There are several bird species that fly around the area and live in the cayes and atolls. A few of the birds found in the area include the red footed booby, the brown booby, common noddy, and the brown pelican. The Belize barrier reef reserve is also home to the largest population of West Indian manatee in the world ranging in 300 to 700 individual manatees (The Encyclopedia of Earth, 2009). Also living among the barrier reef are three species of turtles. They nest between the coastline and the reef and include the loggerhead Caretta caretta, green Chelonia mydas, and the hawksbill Eretmochelys imbricate. The leatherback turtle nesting has also occurred there. The American crocodile makes their nest at several different sites along the Belize barrier reef reserve and there are four species of dolphins living in the area (United Nation Environment Programme and World Conservation Monitoring Centre, 2008). There are also many species of vegetation in the area. There have been recorded, 178 species of vascular plants, including 32 non-native species, and 247 types of marine flora. Some of the different types of marine flora include turtle seagrass Thalassia testudinum and manatee sea
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grass Syringodium filiforme. There are three mangrove forests living in the area including a Conocarpus erectus (buttonwood), Rhizophora mangle (red mangrove), and Laguncularia racemosa (white mangrove). There are also stands of littoral forest including such species of plants as ziricote Cordia sebestena
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This note was uploaded on 02/27/2011 for the course SCI 230 taught by Professor Ratanya during the Winter '10 term at University of Phoenix.

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Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System - Belize Barrier Reef...

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