Lecture%206 - 2/28/11 Lecture6:On therulersand...

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Click to edit Master subtitle  style  2/28/11 Lecture 6: On  the rulers and  February 9, 2011
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 2/28/11 For Monday Plato’s  Republic : Book 9: Pages 270-296  (571-592b line 5)
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 2/28/11 Summary: Response to  First Glaucon attempted to show that we all naturally  value injustice but we settle for justice and security in  the social contract. Plato provided an alternative social contact theory.  Second, Glaucon used “Gyges Ring” to show that we  did not value justice for its own sake and, as soon as  the negative consequences were removed from  injustice, we would be unjust.
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 2/28/11 Summary: Response to  “Virtue is a sort of health, a fine and good state of the soul;  whereas vice seems to be a shameful disease and  weakness.” Just as valuing ourselves = concern for our health and  bodily well being, so also is valuing ourselves = concern  for our rational well being. Those who want to place self-interest and personal  happiness ABOVE being a moral, rational, well-ordered  person do not recognize that they are arguing for 
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How can the ideal Republic  First, Plato notes that it is an ideal  and the argument about justice that  he has presented cannot be faulted  if the ideal cannot be perfectly  realized. Second, the way that the ideal 
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This note was uploaded on 02/27/2011 for the course PHIL 105 taught by Professor Ruckgarber during the Spring '10 term at University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign.

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Lecture%206 - 2/28/11 Lecture6:On therulersand...

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