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Test Questions Chapter 4 - Chapter 4 Legal Liability of...

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Chapter 4 Legal Liability of CPAs True/False Questions 1. Fraud is defined as failure to use reasonable care in the performance of services. Answer: False Difficulty: Easy 2. Most of the burden of affirmative proof is on the defendant under common law. Answer: False Difficulty: Medium 3. The Ultramares v. Touche case held that auditors could be held liable to any foreseen third party for ordinary negligence. Answer: False Difficulty: Medium 4. The Securities Exchange Act of 1934 offers recourse against the auditors to a far greater number of investors than does the Securities Act of 1933. Answer: True Difficulty: Medium 5. The precedent set by the Hochfelder v. Ernst case is generally believed to have increased auditors' legal liability. Answer: False Difficulty: Hard 6. The auditors can be held liable for negligence in audits of financial statements, but not in reviews of financial statements. Answer: False Difficulty: Easy 7. The results of the Continental Vending Corporation case included the criminal prosecution of auditors for gross negligence. Answer: True Difficulty: Medium 8. Most charges made against auditors under common law are criminal. Answer: False Difficulty: Medium 9. The Securities Act of 1934 includes provisions for criminal charges against persons violating the Act. Answer: True Difficulty: Medium Whittington, Principles of Auditing, Fifteenth Edition 43
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Chapter 4 Legal Liability of CPAs 10. The use of engagement letters is generally designed to prevent lawsuits by third parties against the auditors. Answer: False Difficulty: Medium Multiple Choice Questions 11. A CPA issued an unqualified opinion on the financial statements of a company that sold common stock in a public offering subject to the Securities Act of 1933. Based on a misstatement in the financial statements, the CPA is being sued by an investor who purchased shares of this public offering. Which of the following represents a viable defense? A) The investor has not proven CPA negligence. B) The investor did not rely upon the financial statement. C) The CPA detected the misstatement after the audit report date. D) The misstatement is immaterial in the overall context of the financial statements. Answer: D Difficulty: Hard 12. Which of the following is a correct statement related to CPA legal liability under common law?
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