2-4 Overflow Slides-1

2-4 Overflow Slides-1 - • Cite Wegner et al(1987 •...

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Minimal Groups I Study Elliott (1968) Participants: Grade school children Observed: Behavior after told blue or brown eyes “superior” Found: Discrimination based on eye color alone!
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Minimal Groups II Study Cite: Tajfel (1978) Participants: College students Groups established just by artist preference (Klee or Kadinsky). Then participants rated and allocated awards to all others in the study. Found: Rated and treated own group members better, even though they never even interacted with them.
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What happens if we just try to suppress thoughts (stereotypes, for instance)?
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White Bear Study Cite: Wegner, et al. (1987) Participants: College Students Task: Think Varied: White bear thoughts allowed or not Found: Those trying to suppress thought about white bears the most!
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Red Volkswagon Study
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Unformatted text preview: • Cite: Wegner, et al. (1987) • Participants: College students • Task: Think • Varied: Same as before, but added 3rd group: those given a substitute “plan” (think about red volkswagons instead). • Found: Those with a plan were best able to suppress white bear thoughts. • Awareness – If not aware of prejudice, can’t change • Motivation – Even if aware, need to want to change • Ability – Even if aware and motivated, must be able (not distracted for instance) • Plan – Even if aware, motivated, & able, Still need a plan (to substitute specific more fair-minded thoughts) • Lots of practice – To become the default, takes a lot of practice/repetition So Criteria for Suppressing Prejudice (and other unwanted thoughts)...
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This note was uploaded on 03/01/2011 for the course PSY 451 taught by Professor Lyndamae during the Fall '10 term at ASU.

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2-4 Overflow Slides-1 - • Cite Wegner et al(1987 •...

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