5b - specific behaviors vs Unstructured – all behavior...

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Observational Methods Direct – behavior observed firsthand vs. Indirect – only evidence of behavior is observed Example: observing the favorite studying spots of students on campus
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Observational Methods Participant – researcher is a regular participant in the activities or group being observed vs. Nonparticipant – does not participate in group activities while observing Example: Drug Cultures
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Observational Methods Overt – those being observed are aware of researcher’s presence and intentions vs. Covert – those being observed are NOT aware of researcher’s presence and intentions Example: White Supremacy Groups
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Observational Methods Structured – the investigator looks for and systematically records the incidence of
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Unformatted text preview: specific behaviors vs. Unstructured – all behavior considered relevant and is recorded Example: Daycare Studies Goals of Observational Studies • Inductive vs. Deductive Logic – Inductive: from the data to the theory – Deductive: from the theory to the data • Exploratory – To find out relationships between variables • Descriptive vs. Theoretical Potential Problems with Observational Studies • Subject reactivity – How do the participants respond to being watched? • “going native” – Getting too involved • Sampling issues – Is the group selected an accurate representation • Ethical issues...
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