102-10 THE FORAGING SUBSISTENCE STRATEGY

102-10 THE FORAGING SUBSISTENCE STRATEGY - THE FORAGING...

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THE FORAGING SUBSISTENCE STRATEGY See: C&C pp 102-106
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Kinds of subsistence strategies Foraging (hunting and gathering) Extensive agriculture (shifting cultivation) Intensive agriculture Pastoralism (animal herding)
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Two lessons for today: To illustrate/discuss how some general features of the foraging strategy figure in the life of one particular foraging people, the Batak of the Philippines To explain that there are different ways of thinking about the foraging strategy, and that we need to keep these straight as we go about studying foraging peoples
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Examples of foraging peoples: !Kung (San) of the Kalahari desert “Pygmy” of the central African forests Australian aborigines Shoshone and Paiute of California/Nevada
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Thinking anthropologically about the foraging adaptation Foraging in cultural evolution Foraging in historical perspective Foragers in the “ethnographic present” Foragers in the contemporary world
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date : world population : : 10000 BC 10 million 100% 1500 AD 350 million 1% 2007 AD 6+ billion ns
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102-10 THE FORAGING SUBSISTENCE STRATEGY - THE FORAGING...

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