102-11 AGRICULTURAL STRATEGIES

102-11 AGRICULTURAL STRATEGIES - prologue Our next three...

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prologue Our next three lectures—on agricultural strategies, forms of economic organization, and the origins of the state—all relate to a single large question: why and how did humans, who for so long had produced and consumed at a subsistence level, come to produce and consume at the levels seen today?
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Agricultural strategies Extensive agriculture (swidden, slash-and- burn, horticulture, shifting cultivation) Intensive agriculture
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Lessons for today: “agriculture” is a very broad category that should be broken down into types, if it is to be usefully studied by anthropologists (see L&S pp. 134-136); to consider how agricultural systems change over time and to reflect on how such changes (in particular, “agricultural intensification”) may be related to broader social and political developments
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About shifting cultivation (a kind of extensive agriculture) How it’s “land extensive” “polyculture” Crop yields (returns-to-land) may be low, but labor productivity (returns-to-labor) are relatively high
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This note was uploaded on 03/01/2011 for the course ANT 102 taught by Professor Jameseder during the Fall '08 term at ASU.

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102-11 AGRICULTURAL STRATEGIES - prologue Our next three...

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