102-13 ORIGINS OF THE STATE

102-13 ORIGINS OF THE STATE - ORIGINS OF THE STATE Question...

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ORIGINS OF THE STATE Question = what economic and political circumstances surrounded the formation of the first states?
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Forms of political organization Bands Tribes Chiefdoms States
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Why didn’t humans continue to live as hunter-gathers? Possible causal factors include: Technological change Economic change Rise of nationalism Appearance of universalistic religions Evolution of state-level political organization
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Definition of the state: States are stratified (they institutionalize differential access to resources; e.g., between an elite and the masses) States are centralized (they are bureaucratic, and they have a monopoly on coercive power) …leaders co-opt “surplus” agricultural production to support their activities….
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Some clarifications: We want to explain the appearance of the first states Our focus is on states (as a form of political organization) and not on “civilizations” …let’s consider each point in turn:
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This note was uploaded on 03/01/2011 for the course ANT 102 taught by Professor Jameseder during the Fall '08 term at ASU.

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102-13 ORIGINS OF THE STATE - ORIGINS OF THE STATE Question...

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