102-15 KINSHIP AND DESCENT

102-15 KINSHIP AND DESCENT - Kinship: principles of descent...

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Kinship: principles of descent - The “kinship system” - Tracing descent (3 choices) - Descent groups - Kinship terminologies - Post-marital residence practices - Kinship in ecological perspective
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Components of the kinship system Descent rules and descent groups Kinship terms Residence practices (see L & S chapter 9)
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Tracing descent Through women Through men Through both women and men
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Descent groups Unilineal descent groups: Matrilineages and matriclans Patrilineages and patriclans Bilateral descent groups: kindreds
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Properties of lineages Ancestor-based Internal structure of authority Corporate nature Exogamous Geographically localized (see C&C #17, p. 196 about the functions of lineages in village India)
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Kinship terminologies Kin terms provide a window on how different peoples divide up their social worlds in different ways—in short, a window on a particular kind of cultural difference Kin terms do not simply label biological relationships (although they are related to those relationships)
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e.g., Iroquois kin terms
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102-15 KINSHIP AND DESCENT - Kinship: principles of descent...

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