102-17 RELIGION, MAGIC, AND WORLDVIEW

102-17 RELIGION, MAGIC, AND WORLDVIEW - RELIGION, MAGIC,...

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RELIGION, MAGIC, AND WORLD VIEW - religion—what is it? - Video: “Holy Ghost People” - Anthropological approaches to the study of religion
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Three lessons for today: For anthropologists, “religion” is a large and fuzzily-bounded category Three aspects of all religions “beliefs” are difficult to study; a focus on behavior may be more helpful…
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Topics that anthropologists include under the study of “religion:” Ritual Magic Witchcraft Sorcery “cults”
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Scholarly approaches to the study of religion: Descriptive: capturing the primary facts Normative: what religion “ought to be” Functional: what religion does/tries to do Essentialism: the “essence” of all religions
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One simple yet broad definition (Swidler and Mojzes 2000:5): “Religion is an explanation of the ultimate meaning of life, based on a notion of the transcendent, and how to live it accordingly; it normally contains the four Cs: creed, code, cult, and community structure.” (see next slide for definitions)
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Three Cs defined: Creed = the “cognitive aspect” Code = guidelines for behavior Cult = rituals relating adherents to the transcendent (defined broadly to include “spirits, gods, a personal God, an impersonal God, emptiness, and so on”) ( note : this definition includes non-theistic faith traditions but excludes atheistic Marxism and secular humanism)
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This note was uploaded on 03/01/2011 for the course ANT 102 taught by Professor Jameseder during the Fall '08 term at ASU.

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102-17 RELIGION, MAGIC, AND WORLDVIEW - RELIGION, MAGIC,...

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