abnormal psych (8-27-09)

abnormal psych (8-27-09) - Abie Feuerstein Abnormal psych...

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Abie Feuerstein 8-27-09 Abnormal psych CH. 1 Abnormal behavior: violation of norms (society). Cause of problems (px) (self, others). Impacts ability to function (fx) in society. Psychopathology: the scientific study of psychological disorders To say something is abnormal is to look at frequency, intensity, duration (deviation) To have a psychological dysfunction, one’s behavior (act), emotion (feel), or cognition (think) has to either cause internal distress OR impact ability to function (social, occupational, everyday functioning) People that deal/treat psychological dysfunction o Psychologist: PhD (equal emphasis on research and clinical practice) PsyD (some research, but mostly clinical) o Psychiatrist: MD. Focus on biological development (nature and causes of psychological disorders) prescribe drugs. o Psychiatric social wokers: MSW (master in social work) look at external factors in an individual’s life that many resort in disorder. Usually works for government. o Psychiatric nurses: MN, MSN, PhD. Usually hospital setting, there for support o Marriage and family therapists: MA, MS, MFT o Mental health counselors: MA, MS. Community mental health settings (I.E., government) Interaction between clinical and science o Scientist-practitioners: mental health professionals who take a scientific approach to their clinical work o It’s a mindset, one’s research affects how one goes about his practice, and vise versa Consumer of science (reading latest journals) Informs practice (integrate what you learn into one’s practice) Evaluator of practice Utilizes science (how is useful to us) Creator of science Synthesizes both When studying psychological disorders there are steps o 1. Clinical description Presenting the problem (unique combination of behaviors, thoughts, and feelings that make up the disorder) Dysfunction vs. common experience (looks at frequency, duration,
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intensity) Prevalence: total number of cases in given population Incidence: number of new cases Course: individual pattern of disorder episodic: come and go. Recover in a few months and then suffer reoccurrence a bit later time-limited: begin and end at a certain time period. The disorder will improve without treatment in a relatively short period (ex: anxiety as a freshman). Chronic: long-term, long-lasting. Onset: Acute: one day fine, the nest day not. Begin suddenly Insidious: slow onset. Disorder develops gradually over an extended period of time. Prognosis: Good Guarded **to determine if it is a good prognosis one has to look at: o how invested the person is in treatment o how premorbid (how they acted before onset of abnormality) functioning o is there a support system age of onset may shape presentation developmental psych: understanding behavioral growth. Study of changes in behavior that occur over time developmental psychopathology: understaning abnormal
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This note was uploaded on 03/01/2011 for the course PSY 466 taught by Professor Erinlanphier during the Fall '09 term at ASU.

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abnormal psych (8-27-09) - Abie Feuerstein Abnormal psych...

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