CH1 - ˜ Chapter OneC ˜ Chapter A Climate of Change...

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Unformatted text preview: ˜ Chapter OneC ˜ Chapter A Climate of Change Climate Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Expressions of Attitudes Toward Death Mass media Language Music Literature Visual arts Humor Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Mass Media Newscasts Internet news Nature programs Sports Religious programs Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Mass Media: Entertaining Death Crime and adventure series Cartoons Slasher films Prime-time television series Cinema Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Language: “Death Talk” Euphemisms Metaphors Slang Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Death in the Arts Music Literature Visual arts Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Music Death themes In response to tragedy Genres Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Literature Poetry Novels Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Visual Arts Cultural influence Historical influence Dark Elegy Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Humor as a Coping Mechanism Defuses anxiety Raises consciousness Interrupts sadness Maintains equilibrium Provides distance Confronts fears Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Studying Death and Dying Rise in death education First university course 1970 Pioneers in death studies Robert Fulton Herman Feifel Jeanne Quint Benoliel Geoffrey Gorer Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Pioneers in Death Studies Psychology/Psychiatry Sociology Nursing Philosophy/Religion Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Psychology/Psychiatry Herman Feifel, The Meaning of Death (1959) Elisabeth Kübler-Ross, On Death and Dying (1969) Avery Weisman, On Dying and Denying: A Psychiatric Study of Terminality (1972) Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Living with Awareness of Death Contemplating mortality Dimensions of Thanatology Death anxiety and fear of death Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Philosophical and ethical Dimensions of Thanatology Psychological Sociological Anthropological Clinical Political Educational Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Death Anxiety and Fear of Death Terror management theory Ernest Becker’s “Four strands of emphasis” regarding how people cope with an awareness of death Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Terror management (Becker) World is terrifying place Human behavior designed to deny the terror of death Keep the terror unconscious Focus on any threat as a struggle against ultimate evil Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Factors Affecting Familiarity with Death Life expectancy and mortality rates Causes of death Geographic mobility Displacement of death from the home Life-extending technologies Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Changing Causes of Death Early 1900s: Acute infectious disease with sudden onset and death soon following (e.g., diphtheria) Today: Chronic illness typically following a slow progressive course lasting weeks, months, or years (e.g., cancer) Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Epidemiologic Transition Historical shift in disease patterns Redistribution of deaths from young to old Reduced risk of dying at a young age from infectious diseases Survival into older ages and death from degenerative diseases Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Death in a Cosmopolitan Society Value diversity and pluralism View death and dying globally Embrace cultural complexity Explore diversity of opinion and practice Investigate personal attitudes and previous losses Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright ...
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This note was uploaded on 03/02/2011 for the course PSY 222 taught by Professor Lee during the Fall '09 term at ASU.

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